Tonsil and adenoid surgery

What are adenoids and tonsils? Do all children have them?

Adenoids and tonsils are two defense organs located in the mouth and throat area. Adenoids are normally active in every child in the early years of life and tend to grow. Adenoids start to shrink after the age of 6-7. Especially in some children who start kindergarten and preschool and come into contact with germs, adenoids can cause problems. Inflamed and enlarged adenoids can cause nasal congestion. It can lead to sleeping with an open mouth, snoring, and even breathing pauses during sleep, especially in children. Adenoids also play an important role in recurrent middle ear infections and fluid accumulation in the ear in children. Additionally, long-term adenoid growth that causes nasal congestion and is left untreated can negatively affect facial, palate, and dental development in a child.

What are adenoid and tonsil diseases?

The main two diseases of tonsil tissue are tonsil enlargement and tonsillitis.

What is adenoid and tonsil enlargement, and how is it treated?

Tonsils that have grown enough to cause snoring and breathing pauses during sleep in children can be removed by surgery. This is actually the main reason for tonsil surgery.

Is surgery used in the treatment of adenoid and tonsil infections?

In addition to tonsil growth, tonsil surgery may be required due to frequent tonsil infections in the same year or consecutive years. The most reliable way to make a decision for tonsil surgery due to frequent infections is the tonsil examination performed by the doctor during the illness.

Is surgery used in the treatment of adenoid and tonsil infections?

Adenoid and tonsil surgeries are performed under general anesthesia and through the mouth without any external incisions. In some children, both adenoid and tonsil surgery is performed, while in some children, only adenoid surgery is performed, and in some children, tonsil surgery alone is rarely performed.

How is adenoid and tonsil surgery performed?

Adenoids can be removed by scraping using special instruments directly or with the assistance of a camera. The risk of adenoids regrowing is quite low. Tonsil surgery is performed using “thermal welding” or “coblation” technology.

What are the risks after adenoid and tonsil surgery?

In children, there is rarely any pain after adenoid and tonsil surgery, and it can be relieved with simple pain relievers. The risk of bleeding is much lower in children than in adults. However, very rarely, early postoperative bleeding and late bleeding around the 7th day may occur. The technology and surgical techniques used during the operation reduce the risk of early bleeding, while adherence to medication and dietary guidelines significantly reduces the risk of late bleeding. Nevertheless, very rarely, bleeding that occurs can be a complication that can be resolved with prompt and careful intervention. Since there are many tissues in the body that can take over the function of these tissues after adenoid and tonsil surgery in children, there is no negative impact on the immune system in the long term.

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